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癫痫发作怎么办?如何急救?

根据美国(CDC)和英国(NHS)的说法,可以做的事情主要包括让患者侧躺,移除他身边所有可能造成意外伤害的东西,适当垫起头部(Put something soft and flat, like a folded jacket, under his or her head.),弄松领带和衣领(以免影响呼吸),摘掉眼镜。可以记录下发作的时间以及表现,这对患者和他的医生有参考价值。

不要做的事情包括强制约束患者的肢体、往他们嘴里放东西,在患者完全恢复清醒之前也不要给他们食物和水。

癫痫患者确实有可能会咬到舌头,但拿其他东西让他们咬可能反而损伤更严重。

CDC的说法:

  • Do not hold the person down or try to stop his or her movements.
  • Do not put anything in the person's mouth. This can injure teeth or the jaw. A person having a seizure cannot swallow his or her tongue.
  • Do not try to give mouth-to-mouth breaths (like CPR). People usually start breathing again on their own after a seizure.
  • Do not offer the person water or food until he or she is fully alert.

NHS的说法:

Don’t put anything in the person’s mouth, including your fingers. They may bite their tongue, but this will heal. Putting an object in their mouth could cause more damage.


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